The main reasons and arguments for holding the calendar reform
Materials from authoritative sources, one of which is the second edition of the book “Eternal calendars”by A.V. Butkevich and M. S. Zelikson, will be able to tell you about the shortcomings of the current Gregorian calendar and some of the subtleties of the discussed problem in the most professional way. Here is what this book explains about this topic: “The disadvantages of the modern Gregorian calendar are not in its inaccuracy or in the leap system, but in the imperfection of its internal structure:
a) the days of the week are not consistent with the numbers of months, both in different years and within the same year, let alone for longer periods of time;
b) half-years, quarters, months contain a different number of days: half-years-181, 182, 184; quarters-90, 91, 92; months-28, 29, 30, 31 days, which makes a lot of inconveniences in economic calculations and planning;
C) weeks alternate regardless of the length and number of the month, hence the presence of the so-called “split weeks” in the composition of the months»;
d) the beginning of different months falls on different and unstable days of the week. Because of this, the number of working days varies in different months of one year and in the same months of the following years (from 24 to 27), and holidays move (“slide”) on all days of the week, which necessitates government regulations to move weekends. *(a stable, universal calendar is Required for each year).
A common consequence of this imperfect internal structure of the modern Gregorian calendar is burdensome inconveniences in planning and statistical accounting of monthly production, in drawing up schedules and schedules (for example, traffic, University classes, etc.), which are disrupted at the end of months containing more or less than 30 days. Problems arise when developing long-term plans and solving chronological problems, in which you have to deal with dates that are separated by significant periods of time (hundreds and thousands of years). All this explains the emergence (in the first half of the XIX century) of the idea of reform of the Gregorian calendar as a radical way to eliminate its main shortcomings. This problem is currently quite relevant, since the wide development of international relations makes these shortcomings of the Gregorian calendar especially noticeable.
The best calendar project provided to the UN was the one provided by the world calendar Association (TWCA) in the middle of the last century, but it was postponed at the insistence of the Roman Catholic Church. The question was postponed with the wording: “If there are serious grounds for reform, motivated by the demands of the economic and social life of the peoples of the world, the Catholic Church will not cause obstacles [to reform]…
The second Vatican Council on December 4, 1963, by a majority vote of 2,057 to 4 (!), declared the following:
The Council does not object to setting the day of Easter on a particular Sunday in the Gregorian calendar.
The Council also does not object to the intention to introduce a perpetual calendar in civil society.
However, it is further explained that the Church does not object only to such perpetual calendars, in which the seven-day week is preserved with a continuous count of days and “the sequence of weeks is not disturbed, unless very good reasons suddenly appear, about which the Apostolic See will have to have a judgment.”
Of course, if the UN General Assembly decides to reform the calendar, the Church will probably have to accept it.”
The Catholic Church believes that calendar reform should be determined by the trend of time, that is, the appearance of good reasons and, of course, the presence of an optimal draft calendar.
In 2010, many sources, for example, IA “REGNUM”, “Newsroom Israel”, IA “New region”, “LIGA Biznes Inform” and many others, covered the calendar topic.
From materials STFW.RU
“The head of the world calendar Association (TWCA), Wayne Richardson, did not rule out that from 2012 the world will switch to a new calendar, abandoning the current one, introduced in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII. The Association offers a new type of chronology. Her project, called “Y2K” (Millennium), is based on a version of the world calendar (Gustave Amyrlin’s project), which was almost approved in the 50s of the last century. The proposed calendar contains 365 days, each year starts on a Sunday, and the last week of the year contains two consecutive Saturdays. The next year starting on Sunday will be 2012. Wayne Richardson made a statement that the Association will do everything to ensure that the new calendar is introduced by all countries by this date… Now these projects are being reviewed by specialists who will send their conclusions to the UN, which has the necessary authority to abandon the current calendar in favor of the new one.”
Good reasons for implementation calendar reforms at this stage of our history have developed in due measure, despite the fact that a more improved project called “Neutral2006″is being proposed for discussion. According to independent experts, the internal structure of the proposed project is currently the most promising and appropriate for the upcoming calendar reform, and the name of the months will serve to strengthen religious tolerance and achieve Universal Peace on the planet. The Neutral2006 project was prepared with all the requirements for a universal calendar in mind. First of all, this concerns the internal structure of the calendar, which should be as similar as possible to the current Gregorian calendar, in other words, with the new style. The project “Neutral2006” is intended for discussion by experts of calendar systems at the United Nations.
Parameters of the Neutral calendar – ” Neutral2006″
The neutral calendar consists of 12 months, contains 365 (366) days, and is divided into 4 quarters (91 days each). Every quarter starts on Sunday. Each calendar month contains 26 working days and 4-5 days off, similar to the “Y2K” project, which is the base for the “Neutral2006” project.
The difference between these projects is as follows:
a) If the project ” Y2K» the last day of the year does not have a specific date and day of the week (indicated by the letter W), then in “Neutral2006” it has a specific date — 31 Zoroaster, being a holiday, Sunday of the week.
b) If “Y2K” leap day is at the end of the 6th month and does not have the number and day of the week (indicated by letter W), then the “Neutral2006” leap day has its own date – 31st eve and located between Thursday – 30 Friday eve — 1 Buddha (each leap year). Date 31 eve, is a leap, additional day of the week, with an individual name – “leap” (abbreviation Rus. – VD; eng. – Ld). The location of the leap day at the end of the 2nd month, appropriately brings the project “Neutral2006” closer to the current Gregorian calendar. This approach ensures that the dates of the spring equinox and summer solstice coincide consistently in normal and leap years, both in the Gregorian and international, neutral style. (By leap day, it would be reasonable to coincide with a single international holiday).
C) If the “Y2K” project has a classic name for months, then the “Neutral2006” project has a separate name for months, which, in addition to the obvious benefit, contains a practical plus, since in action, different-named months of parallel styles do not cause confusion. For example, March 1 in the Gregorian style is not the same date as 1 Buddha, etc.in the course of a calendar year. The difference between the different styles is immediately obvious without any additional notes.
g) There is another innovation. It is well known that in contrast to the old style, according to the new-Gregorian style, only every fourth century (1600, 2000, 2400 …) is considered a leap, the other three (1700, 1800, 1900) – not a leap. With this distribution of leap years, one extra day accumulates over approximately 3,300 years. In this regard, the neutral style has an addition to the Gregorian leap system, in which every fourth Millennium (from the beginning of our era, 4000, 8000 …) will be considered non-leap. Thus, the error of one day is increased to ~ 20,000 years, which ensures a stable spring equinox, for the distant future.
The structure of the Neutral calendar is focused on the so-called “Sunday” years, i.e. the years of the Gregorian calendar that begin (!) and end on Sunday. Leap years of the Gregorian calendar do not fall under the category of “Sunday”, since they, if they begin on Sunday, usually end on Monday. It is in the Sunday years, the days of the week in the Gregorian and neutral style, will coincide one in one throughout the calendar year.
As follows from the above table, the first Sunday year of the third Millennium was 2006, and the final year will be 2997. In total, 107 Sunday years fall on the third Millennium, with a periodicity of 11, 6, 11 years, within each century (the principle of the “solar cycle” known in astronomy at 28 years). In the current century, the first solar cycle includes 2006, 2017, 2023, and 2034 Sunday years. With the prospect of future reform, it should be noted that it is most convenient to introduce a neutral calendar in one of the Sunday years, but no later than 2100. The fact is that after 2100, the New year according to the Julian calendar will no longer come from January 13 to 14, but from January 14 to 15, and will cause additional difficulties for the Orthodox Church.
In order to avoid confusion of the discussed styles, when displaying the date “Neutral2006” in numerical order, it is appropriate to enclose the value of the year in parentheses – 01. 01. (2006). Such an approach, without further explanation, would indicate an neutral style. Past reform also had a similar problem, and in the case of “Neutral2006”, using parentheses, confusion can be completely avoided. Of course, such an approach is appropriate as long as a uniform neutral style does not take root.
The absence of days without a date (a specific date of the month and day of the week) makes the project “Neutral2006” practical and acceptable for use, and the names of the months give this calendar international status.
At the amateur level, the Neutral calendar has been active since 2006 (the first “Sunday year” of the 3rd millennium) and is gaining in popularity through the efforts of its fans.
Download the “NC” gadget and, thanks to its capabilities, familiarize yourself with the history of the emergence of various calendars and the reasons for carrying out calendar reforms, which, to some extent, will help you clarify the goals of our Federation.
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